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Ebola
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TRANSMISSION
When an infection does occur in humans, the virus can be spread in several ways to others. Ebola is spread through direct contact (through broken skin or mucous membranes in, for example, the eyes, nose, or mouth) with blood or body fluids (including but not limited to urine, saliva, sweat, feces, vomit, breast milk, and semen) of a person who is sick with Ebola

Also objects (like needles and syringes) that have been contaminated with the virus or infected fruit bats or primates.

SYMPTOMS OF EBOLA INCLUDE
  • Fever
  • Severe headache
  • Muscle pain
  • Weakness
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal (stomach) pain
  • Unexplained hemorrhage (bleeding or bruising)
Symptoms may appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days after exposure to Ebola, but the average is 8 to 10 days.

Recovery from Ebola depends on good supportive clinical care and the patient’s immune response. People who recover from Ebola infection develop antibodies that last for at least 10 years.

RISK OF EXPOSURE
Ebola viruses are found in several African countries. Ebola was first discovered in 1976 near the Ebola River in what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Healthcare providers caring for Ebola patients, family and friends, who are in close contact, are at the highest risk of getting sick because they may come in contact with the blood or body fluids of sick patients. The virus also can be spread through contact with objects (like clothes, bedding, needles, syringes/sharps or medical equipment) that have been contaminated with the virus or with infected animals, such as infected bats or bushmeat.

The 2014 Ebola epidemic is the largest in history and is affecting multiple countries in West Africa. One important case from Liberia and associated locally acquired cases in healthcare workers have been reported in the U.S., and one confirmed case has been reported in Spain.
 
For more information, visit the CDC's website.
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